The Security Council gathers 15 members : 5 permanent members and 10 non-permanent members, elected by the General Assembly for a 2-years mandate. This organ takes important decisions regarding international peace and security by authorising interventions from the UN in the field. Moreover, the Security Council recommends a candidate for the post of Secretary General of the United Nations to the Assembly General and participates in the election of the judges of the International Court of Justice.
Each member has one vote. Five states have a permanent seat and the ability to veto a resolution: the French Republic, the People’s Republic of China, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America. The other members change every two years in accordance with regional quotas.
The Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations.
Topic 1: The situation in Western Sahara
Topic 2: The reform of the UN Security Council
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The countries represented in this committee are the following :
- Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
- Côte d’Ivoire
- People’s Republic of China
- Equatorial Guinea
- The Netherlands
- Russian Federation
- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
- United States of America